The theory of Lie algebras can be categorified starting from a new notion of `2-vector space', which we define as an internal category in Vect. There is a 2-category 2Vect having these 2-vector spaces as objects, `linear functors' as morphisms and `linear natural transformations' as 2-morphisms. We define a `semistrict Lie 2-algebra' to be a 2-vector space L equipped with a skew-symmetric bilinear functor [ . , . ] : L x L -> L satisfying the Jacobi identity up to a completely antisymmetric trilinear natural transformation called the `Jacobiator', which in turn must satisfy a certain law of its own. This law is closely related to the Zamolodchikov tetrahedron equation, and indeed we prove that any semistrict Lie 2-algebra gives a solution of this equation, just as any Lie algebra gives a solution of the Yang--Baxter equation. We construct a 2-category of semistrict Lie 2-algebras and prove that it is 2-equivalent to the 2-category of 2-term L_\infty-algebras in the sense of Stasheff. We also study strict and skeletal Lie 2-algebras, obtaining the former from strict Lie 2-groups and using the latter to classify Lie 2-algebras in terms of 3rd cohomology classes in Lie algebra cohomology. This classification allows us to construct for any finite-dimensional Lie algebra g a canonical 1-parameter family of Lie 2-algebras g_h which reduces to g at h = 0. These are closely related to the 2-groups G_h constructed in a companion paper.
Keywords: Lie 2-algebra, L_\infty-algebra, Lie algebra cohomology
2000 MSC: 17B37,17B81,17B856,55U15,81R50
Theory and Applications of Categories,
Vol. 12, 2004,
No. 15, pp 492-528.
Revised 2010-02-25. Original version at