Adhesive categories are categories which have pushouts with one leg a monomorphism, all pullbacks, and certain exactness conditions relating these pushouts and pullbacks. We give a new proof of the fact that every topos is adhesive. We also prove a converse: every small adhesive category has a fully faithful functor in a topos, with the functor preserving the all the structure. Combining these two results, we see that the exactness conditions in the definition of adhesive category are exactly the relationship between pushouts along monomorphisms and pullbacks which hold in any topos.
Keywords: adhesive category, topos, embedding theorem
2000 MSC: 18A30, 18B15, 18B25
Theory and Applications of Categories, Vol. 25, 2011, No. 7, pp 180-188.