We present a Markl-style definition of operads colored by a small category. In the presence of a unit these are equivalent to substitudes of Day and Street. We show that operads colored by a category are internal algebras of a certain categorical operad of functors. We describe a groupoid-colored quadratic binary operad, whose algebras are non-unital Markl operads in the context of operadic categories. As a by-product we describe the free internal operad construction.
Keywords: Colored operad, Internal operad, Operadic category, Markl operad, Hyperoperad
2020 MSC: 18M60
Theory and Applications of Categories, Vol. 39, 2023, No. 30, pp 874-915.