When C is a semi-abelian category, it is well known that the category Grpd(C) of internal groupoids in C is again semi-abelian. The problem of determining whether the same kind of phenomenon occurs when the property of being semi-abelian is replaced by the one of being action representable (in the sense of Borceux, Janelidze and Kelly) turns out to be rather subtle. In the present article we give a sufficient condition for this to be true: in fact we prove that the category Grpd(C) is a semi-abelian action representable algebraically coherent category with normalizers if and only if C is a semi-abelian action representable algebraically coherent category with normalizers. This result applies in particular to the categories of internal groupoids in the categories of groups, Lie algebras and cocommutative Hopf algebras, for instance.
Keywords: action representable, semi-abelian, protomodular, groupoid, algebraic coherence, action accessible, normalizer, crossed modulesi, commutator
2020 MSC: 18E13
Theory and Applications of Categories, Vol. 37, 2021, No. 1, pp 1-13.